Canadian Aerospace Artists Association





Major Albert D. Carter - by Dale MacMullin

Major Albert D. Carter - by Dale MacMullin

Dale's widow, Susan Kennedy MacMullin, addresses the assembled dignitaries.
Dale's widow, Susan Kennedy MacMullin, addresses the assembled dignitaries.

On Friday 18 June 2021, the New Brunswick Aviation Museum hosted an event in the Forest Protection Ltd Hangar at Fredericton airport, to honour Canadian Aerospace Artist Association New Brunswicker Dale MacMullin. His widow Susan Kennedy MacMullin donated Dale's last aviation painting before he passed, illustrating a Sopwith 5F.1 Dolphin (Serial No. C4017), that was flown by Captain Albert Debrisay Carter, DSO and Bar, Belgian Croix de Guerre, of Moncton, NB, while he was serving with No. 19 Squadron in Spring 1918. Several dignitaries were on hand for the presentation, including the Lieutenant Governor of NB, The Honourable Brenda Murphy, ONB; The Honourable Mary Wilson; The Honourable Jill Green; Lieutenant-General (Retired) Lou Cuppens, CD; Steven Hansen, CD; Dr. Nauman Farooqi; Carol Alderdice, CEO Tourism Industry Association of NB; and Capt (Ret) Kevin Anderson, Executive Director NB Aviation Museum. CAAA was represented by our Maritimes Co-ordinator, Hal Skaarup.

Dale's Paintings
A selection of Dale's artwork was also on display at the presentation ceremony, including sketches and value studies for the Carter painting.

Major Carter had already become an ace with 15 victories flying SPADs with No. 19 Squadron before the Dolphins arrived at the front in early 1918. Carter was the highest scoring ace to serve with 19 Squadron, being credited with a total of 28 victories (10 in this aircraft). On 19 May 1918, he was captured behind enemy lines after his Sopwith Dolphin was shot down by Lt Paul Billik of Staffelfuhrer of Jagdstaffel 52. Repatriated on 13 December 1918, Carter was killed in a flying accident while testing a Fokker D.VII on 22 May 1919.

Each No. 19 Squadron Dolphin had letters for each flight: A-F for A Flight, G-M for B Flight, and N-S for C Flight. For a while they also unofficially used white, red, and blue painted tails and wheel covers for A, B, and C Flights, respectively. In the spring of 1918, 19 Squadron Capt Pat Huskinson was in charge of “A” Flight, Major Albert Desbrisay Carter “B” Flight and Capt John Leacroft “C” Flight. Carter flew another Sopwith Dolphin (C4132) at the end of his service (three victories), just before he was shot down by Lt Billik.

On 17 March 1918, an aerial combat took place over France involving No. 19 Squadron Dolphins of B and C flights. Three Dolphin formations at five- and one-minute intervals had climbed clear of the training areas, rest camp and casualty clearing station arranged around the complex of Bailleul aerodromes into a bright spring sun. Their left-hand circling climbs topped out at 14,000ft, the height of Major Carter’s B Flight. Five strong, they were positioned 3,000ft above Capt Huskinson’s A Flight and Capt Leacroft’s C Flight; these last two groups working in close co-operation with each other. Northeast of Menin, about a quarter after noon, a chase began. Capt Leacroft spotted a Jasta formation. One enemy aircraft (EA) swung west, tried to bolt, and was shot down in a mass of flames by 2Lts Fairclough and Oliver, Capt Leacroft’s two C Flight wingmen. About the same time the C Flight commander caught a glimpse of another large German formation, about fifteen or more, chasing six No. 70 Squadron Sopwith Camels east towards Ypres, until these Jasta pilots whirled eastward and, coming in from the north, ran directly into the Dolphins some 12,000 ft to 15,000ft over Roulers. The two opposing forces were both game, spoiling for combat. Ten minutes of hot and heavy fighting began. Nine combat reports were later submitted.

Presenting CAAA's honorarium to the New Brunswick Aviation Museum
CAAA presented an honorarium to the New Brunswick Aviation Museum to help with costs associated with the display of Dale's painting. L-R Susan Kennedy MacMullin, Kevin Anderson, Executive Director NB Aviation Museum, and Hal Skaarup, CAAA Maritimes Regional Coordinator.

Special thanks to Susan Kennedy MacMullin for providing the photos from this event and to Hal Skaarup for the historical information about Major Carter.

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